image courtesy of Wellcome Library, London | Licence: CC BY 4.0
image courtesy of Wellcome Library, London | Licence: CC BY 4.0

Hot mud wells in the crater of the volcano Papandayan, Java.

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From the Collection

Description

Coloured lithograph by W.J. Gordon after P. van Oort, 1833.
The crater of Papandayan is surrounded by forest, as shown in this print, and extends to the northwest by a long steep chasm. This chasm becomes a river channel at the foot of the mountain. ... The floor of this crater contains sulphurous pools of standing water, fumaroles, solfataras, mud volcanoes and hot springs ... The mud volcanoes on the floor of the crater are normally 2-4 feet high and explode with great force. They eject hot, muddy water every 20-25 seconds. (Information from Volcanoworld on the World Wide Web, 1998)

Inscription: Land- en volkenkunde. Java. Modderwellen bij den oorsprong der rivier Tjibodas, van de oostzijde gezien. P. van Oort, ad nat. del. ; W.J. Gordon, in lap. del.
Additional makers: Gordon, W. J.

Image Licence

Image Credit

image courtesy of Wellcome Library, London

From the Watercolour World

Location

Mount Papandayan, Garut Regency, West Java, Indonesia

Country

Medium