Rembrandt van Rijn
A black drummer and commander mounted on mules; riding in profile to right. c.1638. Pen and brown ink and red chalk with brown wash, touched with white and yellow. The order of the application appears to be (1) pen and brown ink; (2) brown wash (in two tones); (3) yellow (probably oil rather than watercolour); (4) red chalk; (5) white heightening. Benesch, 1954/73 (see Lit. under Comment) noted that the red chalk was applied while the wash was still wet, and he also recorded the presence of oil paint. Verso: laid down on a remnant of an eighteenth century 'Richardson'-style mat, with gilding around the edge of the drawing. No watermark visible.
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